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Special Health Issues
Laboratory Tests: Sickle Cell Screening
Sickle cell disease affects children primarily of African, Mediterranean, or Caribbean heritage, but other ethnic groups can be at risk. Approximately 1 in 400 children of African heritage are affected.
All infants and children at risk for sickle cell disease must be screened, with test results documented in the medical record. If previous test results are not documented, rescreen if the child is at risk. If the child is not at risk (through ethnicity or documented test results), note this in the record.