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Special Health Issues
Laboratory Tests: Tuberculosis (TB) Screening
Children at high risk for tuberculosis include those born in countries where TB is prevalent, those who are African American or Hispanic, and those who are medically underserved.1,2 Poverty and homelessness are among the factors contributing to the rising numbers of TB cases in recent years. The incidence of tuberculosis in children younger than 2 years is twice that in older children.1
Periodicity and Guidelines for Tuberculosis Screening
Risk indicators drawn from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and from the American Academy of Pediatrics.
1. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion. 1988. Put Prevention into Practice. Clinician's Handbook of Preventive Services (2nd ed.). Washington, DC: Government Printing Office.
2. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Division of Tuberculosis Elimination. TB Facts for Health Care Workers: Populations at Risk for Tuberculosis. Available online at www.cdc.gov/nchstp/tb/faqs/tbfacts/population.htm. Cited December 9, 2003.